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Open Skies endnotes with URLs to NRAO/AUI Archives digital materials

by Ellen Bouton last modified Nov 05, 2019

Preface

Interview with David S. Heeschen, 13 July 2011.  https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Kellermann/kellermann_transcripts_heeschen_2011_2-3.shtml

Chapter 1

26. GR to G. Southworth, 15 April 1960, NAA-GR, General Correspondence.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-reber-southworth-04151960.pdf

49. JLG to GR, 13 March 1962, NAA-GR, General Correspondence I.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-greenstein-reber-03131962.pdf

51. Oral interview WTS with Gennady Potapenko, 26 December 1974; 21 August 1975, NAA-WTS, Working Files, Interviewees, Potapenko.  http://www.nrao.edu/archives/Sullivan/sullivan_transcript_potapenko_1974.shtml, http://www.nrao.edu/archives/Sullivan/sullivan_transcript_potapenko_1975.shtml

57. NAA-GR, Notes and Papers, 1938.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgnp1938.pdf

58. GR to R. Langer, 7 July 1937, NAA-GR, General Correspondence.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-reber-langer-07071937.pdf

59. GR to Edwin Hubble, 5 January 1939, NAA-GR, General Correspondence.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-reber-hubble-01051939.pdf

60. GR to KGJ, 26 April 1937, NAA-GR, General Correspondence.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-reber-jansky-04261937.pdf

63. S. Reber to GR, 16 December 1938, NAA-GR, General Correspondence I.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-sreber-greber-12161938.pdf

64. F. Whipple to GR, 22 December 1938, NAA-GR, General Correspondence I.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-whipple-reber-12221938.pdf

Chapter 2

7. GR to JLG, 3 November 1946, NAA–GR, General Correspondence. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-reber-greenstein-11031946.pdf

8. GR to JLG, 21 November 1946, NAA-GR, General Correspondence I. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-reber-greenstein-11211946.pdf

19. J. Oort to GR, 30 August 1945.  NAA-GR, General Correspondence I. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-oort-reber-08301945.pdf

20.  GR to JLG, 19 November 1950, NAA-GR, General Correspondence I. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-reber-greenstein-11191950.pdf

21. A personal accounts of Ewen’s career and his detection of the 21 cm line can be found in https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Ewen/ewen_HI.shtml, his interview with the AIP at https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/6659, his interview with Woody Sullivan at, https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Sullivan/sullivan_transcript_ewen_1979_1.shtml, and Ewen’s 19 February 1978 handwritten notes to Purcell held at the Harvard University Archives in the papers of Edward Purcell.

25. https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Ewen/ewen_harvard24and60.shtml

28. GR to H. Ewen and E. Purcell, 8 October 1951, NAA-GR, General Correspondence I.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-reber-ewenpurcell-10081951.pdf.   The 327 MHz line of deuterium escaped detection by radio astronomers for more than another half century (Rogers 2007).

29. https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Ewen/ewen_harvard24and60.shtml

30. The initiative by Wade to involve Bok and Ewen in pursuing further radio astronomy work at Harvard was described by Wade, T. K. Menon and David Heeschen in their interviews with the authors 21 March 2015. 27 July 2012 and 31 May 2011 respectively, NAA-KIK, Oral Interviews https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Kellermann/kellermann_transcripts_wade_2015.shtml, https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Kellermann/kellermann_transcripts_heeschen_2011_1.shtml

33. A. Waterman, 28 April 1956, “Windows on the Future,” Remarks at the Dedication of the George A. Agassiz Telescope. NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Planning Documents.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofop-waterman-harvarddedication-04281956.pdf

38. GR to H. Shapley, 27 July 1946, NAA-GR, General Correspondence I. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-reber-shapley-07271946.pdf 

39. GR to O. Struve, 16 July 1946; GR to H. Shapley, 27 July 1946; GR to C. Schauer, 12 October 1954, NAA-GR, General Correspondence I.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-reber-struve-07161946.pdf, http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-reber-shapley-07271946.pdf, http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grrcc-reber-schauer-10111954.pdf

40. GR to O. Struve, 3 October 1950, NAA-GR, General Correspondence I.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-reber-struve-10031950.pdf

Chapter 3

Further Reading:  Bok, B.J. 1956, Toward a National Radio Observatory, August 7, 1956, NAA-NRAO Founding and Organization, Planning Documents  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofop08071956.pdf

50. Menzel to Berkner, 13 April 1954, “Survey of the Potentialities of Cooperative Research in Radio Astronomy,” NAA-DSH, Radio Astronomy History, NRAO.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/dsh-menzel-surveyofpotentialities-04131954.pdf

61. Research Proposal to the National Science Foundation for a Grant in Support of a Feasibility Study for a National Radio Astronomy Facility, 26 July 1954.  NAA-NRAO Founding and Organization, Planning Documents. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofop-research-proposal-07261954.pdf

87. Plan for a Radio Astronomy Observatory p. 31.  NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Planning Documents. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/Plan_for_Radio_Observatory_Aug1956.pdf

91. Research Objectives for Large Steerable Paraboloid Radio Reflectors (prepared by Bok and his Panel for the AUI Steering Committee), 22 April 1955, NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Planning Documents.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofop-research-objectives-04221955.pdf

144. NSF-AUI meeting 2 April 1956, NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Meeting Minutes. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofom-nsfmtg-04021956.pdf

146. Plan for a Radio Astronomy Observatory p. 39.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/Plan_for_Radio_Observatory_Aug1956.pdf

158. Waterman, Remarks at the Dedication of the George R. Agassiz Telescope, NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Planning Documents.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofop-waterman-harvarddedication-04281956.pdf

164. NAA-WTS, Sullivan interview with John Hagen, 27 August 1976. http://www.nrao.edu/archives/Sullivan/sullivan_transcript_hagen_1976_1.shtml

173. Bok, 7 August 1956, Toward a National Radio Observatory, NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Planning Documents.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/Textbase/Documents/nraofop08071956.pdf 

179. Feasibility Report for the National Science Foundation on Construction of a National Radio-Astronomy-Facility, 7 May 1955. NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Planning Documents. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofop-feasibility-report-05051955.pdf

180. Emberson, 16 January 1956 memo to radio astronomy file, NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Correspondence.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofoc-emberson-01161956.pdf

221. NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Planning Documents http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nsf-aui-contract-11171956.pdf

Chapter 4

17. Sullivan interview with Findlay, 14 August 1981, NAA-WTS, Individuals https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Sullivan/sullivan_transcript_findlay_1981_1.shtml

19. KIK, ENB, and David Hogg interview with DSH, 31 May 2011, NAA-KIK, Oral Interviews http://www.nrao.edu/archives/Kellermann/kellermann_transcripts_heeschen_2011_1.shtml

49. KIK interview with Frank Drake, 14  September, 2010, NAA-KIK, Oral Interviews. http://www.nrao.edu/archives/Kellermann/kellermann_transcripts_drake.shtml

58. KIK, ENB, and David Hogg interview with DSH, 31 May and July 2011, NAA-KIK, Oral Interviews. http://www.nrao.edu/archives/Kellermann/kellermann_transcripts_heeschen_2011_1.shtml

129. Reber to Findlay, 2 April 1965, NAA-NRAO, Green Bank Operations, LFST Box 7. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-reber-findlay-04021965.pdf

137. KIK interview with DSH, 31 May 2011, NAA-KIK, Oral Interviews. http://www.nrao.edu/archives/Kellermann/kellermann_transcripts_heeschen_2011_1.shtml

151. Rabi to Struve, 17 November 1961, NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Correspondence. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofoc-rabi-struve-11171961.pdf

152. Rabi to NRAO Staff, 17 November 1961, NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Correspondence. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofoc-Rabi-NRAOStaff-11171961.pdf

154. Pawsey to Rabi, 26 November 1961, NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Antenna Planning. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofojp-pawsey-rabi-11261961.pdf

165. J.L. Pawsey: Notes of Future Program at Green Bank, 17 July 1962.  NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Antenna Planning, Box 2.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofojp-pawsey-07171962.pdf

171. KIK interview with DSH, 13 July 2011, NAA-KIK, Oral Interviews. https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Kellermann/kellermann_transcripts_heeschen_2011_2-3.shtml

Chapter 5

References:  Palmer, P. and Zuckerman, B. 1972, Ozma Revisited, NRAO Observer, 13 (6), 26 https://www.nrao.edu/archives/NRAO/observerV13N6.pdf

22. Sullivan interview of Drake, 27 April 1979, NAA-WTS, Individuals. http://www.nrao.edu/archives/Sullivan/sullivan_transcript_drake_1979.shtml

Chapter 6

No NRAO/AUI Archives citations in Chapter 6.

Chapter 7

References:  Lancaster, J. 1982, Very Large Array Completion Report (Socorro:  NRAO) http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/VLA_Completion_Report.pdf

13. RH interview with CMW, 29 December 2003. https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Wade/harrison_transcript_wade_2003.shtml

14. DSH Memo to Findlay, Drake, Hvatum, Wade, Hogg, Vinokur, Callendar, 5 March 1962, NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Antenna Planning.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/dshtalks-03051962.pdf

17. J. Pawsey, Notes of Future Program at Green Bank, 17 July 1962.  NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Antenna Planning.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofojp-pawsey-07171962.pdf

18. Pawsey sent copies of his letter to Heeschen, Tape, and Rabi, with a note to Heeschen that “it is highly provisional and could well be modified after further discussion with you people in Green Bank.”  Pawsey to Erickson 27 June 1962, NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Antenna Planning. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofojp-pawsey-erickson-06271962.pdf

19. Pawsey to Scheuer, 4 July 1962. NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Antenna Planning. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofojp-pawsey-scheuer-07041962.pdf

20. Erickson to Pawsey, 28 August 1962. NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Antenna Planning. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofojp-erickson-pawsey-08281962.pdf

24. KIK interview with CMW, 21 March 2015, NAA-KIK, Oral Interviews.  The VLA did not use fiber optic links until the EVLA upgrade 40 years later.  https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Kellermann/kellermann_transcripts_wade_2015.shtml

25. CMW, November 1963, NAA-NRAO NM Operations, VLA, Design and Construction.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraovla-wade-111963.pdf 

27. KIK interview with DSH, 31 May 2011, NAA-KIK, Oral Interviews.  https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Kellermann/kellermann_transcripts_heeschen_2011_1.shtml

56. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraovla-dickecommrpt-1967.pdf

61. The Panel membership was retained from the 1st meeting, although Merle Tuve was unable to attend the 2nd meeting of the Panel.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraovla-dickecommrpt-1969.pdf

104. KIK interview with BFB, 20 June 2012, NAA-KIK, Oral Interviews.  https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Kellermann/kellermann_transcripts_burke.shtml

127. This section is based in part on the detailed report by Jack Lancaster (1982) on construction of the VLA, NAA-NRAO, NM Operations, VLA Operations.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/VLA_Completion_Report.pdf

134. KIK interview with WEH, 20 September 2011, NAA-KIK, Oral Interviews. https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Kellermann/kellermann_transcripts_howard_2011.shtml

145. See Ekers, R. 1987, The First Seven Years of VLA Operations – VLA 1980-1987,  NAA-NRAO, NM Operations, VLA Operations,  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/VLA-FirstSevenYears-Ekers-1987.pdf

Chapter 8

52. KIK interview with WEH III, 23 September 2011, NAA-KIK, Oral Interviews.  https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Kellermann/kellermann_transcripts_howard_2011.shtml

Chapter 9

23. DSH, Proposal for the development of a Large Antenna, 16 December 1957, NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Planning Documents.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofop-large-antenna-proposal-12161957.pdf

28. J. Findlay and D. Heeschen, The National Radio Astronomy Observatory and a Very Large Antenna, 27 May 1960.  NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Antenna Planning.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofola-findlay-05271960.pdf

33. J. Findlay, The Largest Feasible Steerable Filled-Aperture Telescope, 14 January 1965, LFSP/JWF/1.  NAA-NRAO, Green Bank Operations, LFST, Box 9.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraogb-lfsp-jwf-1.pdf

Chapter 10

3. FDD to F. Low, 27 March 1962, NAA-NRAO, Tucson Operations, 36 foot Telescope, Box 2; KIK interview with FDD, 14 September 2010, NAA-KIK, Oral Interviews. https://www.nrao.edu/archives/Kellermann/kellermann_transcripts_drake.shtml

4. J. Pawsey, Notes of Future Program at Green Bank, 17 July 1962.  NAA-NRAO, Founding and Organization, Antenna Planning.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/nraofojp-pawsey-07171962.pdf

12. P. Mezger, Principal Considerations of Radioastronomical Observations at Very High Frequencies, March 1964, NAA-NRAO, Tucson Operations, 36 foot Telescope, Box 3.  http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/mezger-031964.pdf

Chapter 11

5. J. Oort to GR, 30 August 1945, NAA-GR, Correspondence, General Correspondence I. http://jump2.nrao.edu/dbtw-wpd/textbase/Documents/grgc-oort-reber-08301945.pdf


 

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