Sidelobes from Confusing Sources

by Stephan W. Witz last modified Apr 29, 2013 by Stephan Witz

At the lower frequencies, large numbers of detectable background sources are located throughout the primary antenna beam, and into its first sidelobe. Sidelobes from those sources which have not been deconvolved will lower the image quality of the target source. Although bandwidth smearing and time-averaging will tend to reduce the effects of these sources, the very best images will require careful imaging of all significant background sources. The deconvolution tasks in AIPS (IMAGR) and CASA (clean) are well suited to this task.  Sidelobe confusion is a strong function of observing band -- affecting most strongly L and P-band observations.  It is rarely a significant problem for observations at frequencies above 4 GHz.